本文告诉大家如何修改图片的颜色,如去掉图片的蓝色

在 WPF 可以使用很多图片处理的方法,本文告诉大家的是一个图片处理,可以把处理的图片保存在文件。

在阅读本文,我假设大家是熟悉 WPF 的,至少了解 C# ,也知道图片的格式。

在 WPF 可以使用 ARBG 数组表示图片,本文修改图片颜色的方法就是使用 ARBG 数组的方法修改,修改里面的元素的值。

如我需要去掉图片的蓝色,就可以通过修改 ARBG 数组的元素,设置所有蓝色为 0 ,去掉蓝色。

读取图片

首先找到一张好看的图片,放在解决方案

读取解决方案的图片

            var stream = Application.GetResourceStream(new Uri("pack://application:,,,/1.jpg")).Stream;

如果找不到图片,就是没有设置图片生成是 Resource

解析文件

创建 WriteableBitmap 需要使用 ImageSource 所以需要先解析

// 其他忽略代码
            var bitmapImage = new BitmapImage();
            bitmapImage.BeginInit();
            bitmapImage.StreamSource = stream;
            bitmapImage.EndInit();

使用 BitmapImage 解析文件

创建图片

在读取图片之后就可以创建图片

            var writeableBitmap = new WriteableBitmap(bitmapImage);

转换图片格式

如果读取到的图片不是 BGRA 的格式,就需要转换图片格式

            var formatConvertedBitmap = new FormatConvertedBitmap();

            formatConvertedBitmap.BeginInit();

            formatConvertedBitmap.Source = bitmapImage;

            formatConvertedBitmap.DestinationFormat = PixelFormats.Bgra32;

            formatConvertedBitmap.EndInit();

使用这个代码可以把格式转为PixelFormats.Bgra32,需要重新创建图片

            var stream = Application.GetResourceStream(new Uri("pack://application:,,,/1.jpg")).Stream;

            var bitmapImage = new BitmapImage();
            bitmapImage.BeginInit();
            bitmapImage.StreamSource = stream;
            bitmapImage.EndInit();

            var formatConvertedBitmap = new FormatConvertedBitmap();

            formatConvertedBitmap.BeginInit();

            formatConvertedBitmap.Source = bitmapImage;

            formatConvertedBitmap.DestinationFormat = PixelFormats.Bgra32;

            formatConvertedBitmap.EndInit();

            var writeableBitmap = new WriteableBitmap(formatConvertedBitmap);

尝试显示图片,可以看到图片还是很好看

读取数组

在图片可以看到图片是使用 BGRA 的格式数组,所以只需要读取图片数组就可以修改图片

读取图片需要使用不安全代码,需要右击项目属性,点击生成,允许不安全代码。

在修改图片之前需要使用 Lock 函数,读取图片的数组长度可以使用这个代码

            var length = writeableBitmap.PixelWidth * writeableBitmap.PixelHeight *
                         writeableBitmap.Format.BitsPerPixel / 8;

这里知道使用的是 BGRA 也就是一个像素使用 4 个 byte ,一个图片的像素就是writeableBitmap.PixelWidth * writeableBitmap.PixelHeight 。这里 writeableBitmap.Format.BitsPerPixel 就是拿到一个像素的 bit 数。

转换数组

            var backBuffer = (byte*) writeableBitmap.BackBuffer;

读取颜色就是从数组拿到值

            for (int i = 0; i + 4 < length; i = i + 4)
            {
                var blue = backBuffer[i];
                var green = backBuffer[i + 1];
                var red = backBuffer[i + 2];
                var alpha = backBuffer[i + 3];
            }

修改颜色就是修改对应的值然后设置数组,如设置蓝色是 0 去掉蓝色

            for (int i = 0; i + 4 < length; i = i + 4)
            {
                var blue = backBuffer[i];
                var green = backBuffer[i + 1];
                var red = backBuffer[i + 2];
                var alpha = backBuffer[i + 3];

                blue = 0;

                backBuffer[i] = blue;
                backBuffer[i + 1] = green;
                backBuffer[i + 2] = red;
                backBuffer[i + 3] = alpha;
            }

设置之后需要设置图片显示


            writeableBitmap.AddDirtyRect(new Int32Rect(0, 0, writeableBitmap.PixelWidth, writeableBitmap.PixelHeight));
            writeableBitmap.Unlock();

所以去掉图片的蓝色可以使用 RemoveBlue 函数,设置蓝色为 0 的方法就是读取蓝色然后修改数组

        private unsafe void RemoveBlue(WriteableBitmap writeableBitmap)
        {
            writeableBitmap.Lock();

            var length = writeableBitmap.PixelWidth * writeableBitmap.PixelHeight *
                         writeableBitmap.Format.BitsPerPixel / 8;

            var backBuffer = (byte*) writeableBitmap.BackBuffer;

            for (int i = 0; i + 4 < length; i = i + 4)
            {
                var blue = backBuffer[i];
                var green = backBuffer[i + 1];
                var red = backBuffer[i + 2];
                var alpha = backBuffer[i + 3];

                blue = 0;

                backBuffer[i] = blue;
                backBuffer[i + 1] = green;
                backBuffer[i + 2] = red;
                backBuffer[i + 3] = alpha;
            }

            writeableBitmap.AddDirtyRect(new Int32Rect(0, 0, writeableBitmap.PixelWidth, writeableBitmap.PixelHeight));
            writeableBitmap.Unlock();
        }

去掉蓝色的图片

代码:WPF 修改图片颜色 1.2-CSDN下载

现在的程序看起来还不能使用,尝试添加几个依赖属性,用来修改图片的颜色

可以点击这里下载程序

WPF 修改图片

首先在 xaml 添加几个控件

    <Grid>
        <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
            <ColumnDefinition Width="485*" />
            <ColumnDefinition Width="308*" />
        </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
        <Image x:Name="Image" />
        <Grid Grid.Column="1">
            <Grid VerticalAlignment="Center">
                <FrameworkElement.Resources>
                    <Style TargetType="Slider">
                        <Setter Property="Width" Value="100" />
                        <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
                        <Setter Property="Margin" Value="10,10,10,10" />
                        <Setter Property="Minimum" Value="-255" />
                        <Setter Property="Maximum" Value="255" />
                    </Style>

                    <Style TargetType="TextBlock">
                        <Setter Property="Margin" Value="10,10,10,10" />
                        <Setter Property="HorizontalAlignment" Value="Center" />
                    </Style>

                    <local:DoubleConvert x:Key="DoubleConvert" />
                </FrameworkElement.Resources>

                <Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                    <ColumnDefinition Width="Auto" />
                </Grid.ColumnDefinitions>
                <Grid.RowDefinitions>
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                    <RowDefinition Height="Auto" />
                </Grid.RowDefinitions>
                <TextBlock>蓝色</TextBlock>
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="0">绿色</TextBlock>
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="0">红色</TextBlock>
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="0">透明度</TextBlock>

                <!-- 蓝色 -->
                <Slider Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="1" Value="{Binding Path=Blue,Mode=TwoWay}" />
                <!-- 绿色 -->
                <Slider Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="1" Value="{Binding Path=Green,Mode=TwoWay}" />
                <!-- 红色 -->
                <Slider Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="1" Value="{Binding Path=Red,Mode=TwoWay}" />
                <!-- 透明度 -->
                <Slider Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="1" Value="{Binding Path=Alpha,Mode=TwoWay}" />

                <!-- 蓝色 -->
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="0" Grid.Column="2"
                           Text="{Binding Path=Blue,Mode=OneWay,Converter={StaticResource DoubleConvert}}" />
                <!-- 绿色 -->
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="1" Grid.Column="2"
                           Text="{Binding Path=Green,Mode=OneWay,Converter={StaticResource DoubleConvert}}" />
                <!-- 红色 -->
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="2" Grid.Column="2"
                           Text="{Binding Path=Red,Mode=OneWay,Converter={StaticResource DoubleConvert}}" />
                <!-- 透明度 -->
                <TextBlock Grid.Row="3" Grid.Column="2"
                           Text="{Binding Path=Alpha,Mode=OneWay,Converter={StaticResource DoubleConvert}}" />
            </Grid>
            <Grid VerticalAlignment="Bottom">
                <Button Margin="10,10,10,10" Content="替换图片" Click="Button_OnClick" />
            </Grid>
        </Grid>
    </Grid>

注意在页面设置数据

DataContext="{Binding RelativeSource={RelativeSource Self}}"

然后打开 cs 添加代码

      private WriteableBitmap _writeableBitmap;

        public MainWindow()
        {
            InitializeComponent();

            Image.Margin = new Thickness(10, 10, 10, 10);

            var stream = Application.GetResourceStream(new Uri("pack://application:,,,/1.jpg")).Stream;

            ChangeImage(stream);

            DataContext = this;
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty BlueProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "Blue", typeof(double), typeof(MainWindow),
            new PropertyMetadata(default(double), (s, e) => ((MainWindow) s).ChangeArray()));

        public double Blue
        {
            get { return (double) GetValue(BlueProperty); }
            set { SetValue(BlueProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty GreenProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "Green", typeof(double), typeof(MainWindow),
            new PropertyMetadata(default(double), (s, e) => ((MainWindow) s).ChangeArray()));

        public double Green
        {
            get { return (double) GetValue(GreenProperty); }
            set { SetValue(GreenProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty RedProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "Red", typeof(double), typeof(MainWindow),
            new PropertyMetadata(default(double), (s, e) => ((MainWindow) s).ChangeArray()));

        public double Red
        {
            get { return (double) GetValue(RedProperty); }
            set { SetValue(RedProperty, value); }
        }

        public static readonly DependencyProperty AlphaProperty = DependencyProperty.Register(
            "Alpha", typeof(double), typeof(MainWindow),
            new PropertyMetadata(default(double), (s, e) => ((MainWindow) s).ChangeArray()));

        public double Alpha
        {
            get { return (double) GetValue(AlphaProperty); }
            set { SetValue(AlphaProperty, value); }
        }

        private void ChangeImage(Stream stream)
        {
            var bitmapImage = new BitmapImage();
            bitmapImage.BeginInit();
            bitmapImage.StreamSource = stream;
            bitmapImage.EndInit();

            var formatConvertedBitmap = new FormatConvertedBitmap();

            formatConvertedBitmap.BeginInit();

            formatConvertedBitmap.Source = bitmapImage;

            formatConvertedBitmap.DestinationFormat = PixelFormats.Bgra32;

            formatConvertedBitmap.EndInit();

            _writeableBitmap = new WriteableBitmap(formatConvertedBitmap);

            ChangeArray();
        }

        private unsafe void ChangeArray()
        {
            var writeableBitmap = _writeableBitmap;

            if (writeableBitmap == null)
            {
                return;
            }

            writeableBitmap.Lock();

            var length = writeableBitmap.PixelWidth * writeableBitmap.PixelHeight *
                         writeableBitmap.Format.BitsPerPixel / 8;

            var backBuffer = (byte*) writeableBitmap.BackBuffer;

            var byteList = new byte[length];

            for (int i = 0; i + 4 < length; i = i + 4)
            {
                var blue = backBuffer[i];
                var green = backBuffer[i + 1];
                var red = backBuffer[i + 2];
                var alpha = backBuffer[i + 3];

                blue += (byte) Blue;
                green += (byte) Green;
                red += (byte) Red;
                alpha += (byte) Alpha;

                byteList[i] = blue;
                byteList[i + 1] = green;
                byteList[i + 2] = red;
                byteList[i + 3] = alpha;
            }

            writeableBitmap.Unlock();


            writeableBitmap = new WriteableBitmap(writeableBitmap.PixelWidth, writeableBitmap.PixelHeight, 96, 96,
                writeableBitmap.Format, writeableBitmap.Palette);

            writeableBitmap.Lock();

            writeableBitmap.WritePixels(new Int32Rect(0, 0, writeableBitmap.PixelWidth, writeableBitmap.PixelHeight),
                byteList, writeableBitmap.BackBufferStride, 0);

            writeableBitmap.AddDirtyRect(new Int32Rect(0, 0, writeableBitmap.PixelWidth, writeableBitmap.PixelHeight));
            writeableBitmap.Unlock();

            Image.Source = writeableBitmap;
        }


        private void Button_OnClick(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
        {
            var openFileDialog = new OpenFileDialog();
            openFileDialog.Filter = "jpg(*.jpg)|*.jpg";

            if (openFileDialog.ShowDialog() == true)
            {
                var stream = openFileDialog.OpenFile();
                ChangeImage(stream);
            }
        }

    public class DoubleConvert : IValueConverter
    {
        /// <inheritdoc />
        public object Convert(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        {
            if (value is double n)
            {
                return n.ToString("0.00");
            }

            return DependencyProperty.UnsetValue;
        }

        /// <inheritdoc />
        public object ConvertBack(object value, Type targetType, object parameter, CultureInfo culture)
        {
            return null;
        }
    }

代码:WPF 修改图片颜色 2.5-CSDN下载

参见:

How to: Convert a BitmapSource to a Different PixelFormat


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